Cuixart (Barcelona, 1925-Palamós, 2007) initially studied medicine, but soon abandoned his studies to dedicate himself to painting, and entered the Free Academy of Painting in Barcelona. In 1948 he participated in the founding of the Dau al Set group, together with Brossa, Ponç, Tàpies and Tharrats, among others. Concerned about the plastic value of the sign, his work has from the beginning a strong kinship with surrealism, as well as a great sensitivity towards the expressive force of color.
Around 1955 he immersed himself in material informalism, which led him to use the "grattage" in works with a certain orientalizing flavor. In 1959 he won the first prize at the São Paulo Biennial and exhibited at the Documenta in Kassel, and the following year he participated in a Spanish avant-garde exhibition held at the Tate Gallery in London and at the Guggenheim Museum in New York.
Cuixart introduced collage in his work in 1962, which gradually led him to pop-art. Enriched by all these experiences, he returns to flat painting, reaching a very personal critical realism, which synthesizes expressionism with dramatically transformed figuration, always valuing chromatic qualities.
In the seventies he exhibited in numerous national and international capitals, such as Paris, Madrid, São Paulo, Amsterdam, Tokyo, Basel, Barcelona and Milan, among others. In the following decade, Cuixart frees his painting from aggressive aspects to give it a more lyrical tone. In addition, he participates in a group exhibition at the UNESCO Palace in Paris, receives the Cross of Saint George from the Generalitat of Catalonia, and the Cross of Isabel la Católica.
In 1988 he held an anthological exhibition in Japan, in the cities of Kobe and Tokyo. He continues to work with exuberant colors and shapes, and reincorporates a more material figuration in his work.
In 1998 the foundation that bears his name was created in Palafrugell, and the following year he was awarded the Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts from the Ministry of Culture. His work is held in the collections of the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) in Madrid, the Tate Gallery in London, the Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA) and the Fundación March, among many others.